SEEMS SCENTISTS REFUSE TO BE MUZZLED! Dear Prime Minister: we 300 scientists find Northern Gateway review flawed

First posted June 14, 20145
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Kai Chan - UBC Canada Research Chair
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Dr. Kai Chan, Canada Research Chair, and UBC Associate Professor with the Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability. Photo by Martin Dee, UBC.

In what may be the most stinging criticism against the Northern Gateway project yet, a group of 300 scientists have submitted an open letter to Prime Minister Harper urging him to reject a recent federal review recommending the passage of the oil sands pipeline.

It’s signed on by a who’s who of Canada’s scientific establishment, Canada Research chairs, PhD candidates, as well as researchers as far away as Oxford, Stanford and Harvard.

They state that the scientific basis of a recent Joint Review Panel report, which recommended in December that Enbridge’s $7 billion pipeline be approved, was “deeply flawed” and “biased.”

“They excluded all kinds of really important evidence by constraining their analysis to a very broad take on the benefits, and a very narrow take on the costs,” said Dr. Kai Chan, an associate professor with UBC’s Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability, and a Canada Research Chair.

“The public looks to these supposedly independent panels for an independent, objective review of the science and economics of the projects.  They are supposed to be rigourous – they spent millions of dollars.”

“But it was a highly legalized process.  A lot of science that people assume is critical to the decision, is either being excluded or being considered in a highly flawed or biased way,” said Chan.

Northern Gateway’s 1,177km pipeline would pump 525,000 barrels of Alberta oil sands bitumen per day, on to 220 super tankers annually in Kitimat on B.C.’s northwest coast.  The ships would traverse the Douglas Channel, bound for Asia and California refineries.

The fuels would be burned by consumers worldwide.Kai Chan and 300 scientists reject JRP review of Northern Gateway

Graphic from website of UBC Institute for Resources Environment and Sustainability

 

Prime Minister Harper must decide whether to approve the pipeline this month.  

His lieutenant, Natural Resources Minister Greg Rickford said Tuesday:

“The independent National Energy Board recommended that 209 conditions be imposed on Northern Gateway Pipelines’ infrastructure proposal. Their rigorous, comprehensive, science-based examination was informed by more than 1450 participants, 175 000 pages of evidence and 9,000 letters.”

“The federal government is reviewing the independent regulator’s recommendation. Our government has been clear that proposals cannot proceed unless they are safe for Canadians and safe for the environment,” said Rickford, in an e-mail to the Vancouver Observer.

The proponent – Enbridge – did not respond to requests for comment.

Prime Minister Harper and Natural Resources Minister Greg Rickford - gov't photo

Prime Minister Harper and Natural Resources Minister Greg Rickford – gov’t photo

The scientists’ open letter can be read here.  It states, the Panel:

  1. Failed to adequately articulate the rationale for its findings,
  2. Considered only a narrow set of risks but a broad array of benefits, thereby omitting adequate consideration of key issues,
  3. Relied on information from the proponent, without external evaluation,
  4. Contradicted scientific evidence contained in official government documents, and
  5. Treated uncertain risks as unimportant risks, and assumed these would be negated by the proponent’s yet-to-be-developed mitigation measures.

Where’s the climate change?

Most notably Chan said, climate change was not a consideration in the JRP’s review of the pipeline.

“From our perspective, climate change seems to be the most important environmental threat facing the planet.  And not talking about climate change, contradicts our government’s promises to do something about emissions through various international processes – it’s unjustifiable”

“We’re not taking a stand on Northern Gateway.  The project is what it is, but the point is, the federal [scientific] basis for the decision of this Joint Review Panel report – it’s badly flawed in several important ways,” added Chan.

Species of concern, ignored

Chan added that the JRP review also flies in the face of the federal government’s own laws regarding the protection of animals.

“The report actually contradicts the government’s own documents for recovery plans and management of species at risk.  Like for sea otters and other marine mammals.”

“There are recovery plans on record that say oil spills are among the most important risks and threats to these species of special concern – which the government is obliged to manage in order to prevent their endangerment.  The Joint Review Panel [report] does not even speak to these species at all.”

In advance of the Prime Minister’s decision, Minister Greg Rickford has visited B.C. in recent days to announce “world class” marine and land oil spill and response plans, that would involve First Nations and their local expertise.

Sea lions in Douglas Channel - Mychaylo Prystupa

The Douglas Channel where oil tankers would berth is home to a rich array of marine mammals, including whales and sea lions.  Photo by Mychaylo Prystupa.

Signatories:

  • Elena Bennett, Professor, McGill University
  • James M Byrne,  Professor, University of Lethbridge
  • Michael Barkusky, Founding Director, Pacific Institute for Ecological Economics
  • Suzanne Bayley, Emeritus Professor, University of Alberta
  • Ratana Chuenpagdee, Professor, Memorial University
  • Simon Donner, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia  
  • Edward Gregr, Professional Biologist / Recovery Plan Author, University of British Columbia
  • Eric Higgs, Professor, University of Victoria
  • George Hoberg, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Kathryn Harrison, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Don Jackson, Professor, University of Toronto
  • Mark Jaccard, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Jeremy Kerr, Professor, University of Ottawa
  • Ken Lertzman, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Sarah Otto, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Evgeny Pakhomov, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Paul Paquet, Assistant Professor, University of Victoria
  • Wendy Palen, Assistant Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • David Schindler, Professor, University of Alberta
  • Douw Steyn, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Ussif Rashid Sumaila, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Boris Worm, Professor, Dalhousie University
  • Alan Lewis, Emeritus Professor, University of British Columbia, Earth & Ocean Sciences
  • Andrew Riseman, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia, LFS
  • Antje Ellermann, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Antonia Mills, Professor, University of Northern British Columbia
  • Arne Mooers, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Barrie Webster, Professor (retired), University of Manitoba
  • Ben Seghers, Lecturer, Oxford University
  • Art Fredeen, Professor, University of Northern BC
  • Blake Poland, Associate Professor, University of Toronto
  • Bradley Walters, Professor of Geography & Environment, Mount Allison University
  • Brian Starzomski, Ian McTaggart[Cowan Professor, University of Victoria
  • Brendon Larson, Associate Professor, University of Waterloo
  • Bridget Bergquist, Assistant Professor, University of Toronto
  • Bruce Hunter, Professor, Seneca College
  • C.S. Holling, Emeritus Professor, University of Florida
  • Carol Pollock, Professor of Teaching, University of British Columbia, Dept. of Zoology
  • Charles J. Krebs, Emeritus Professor of Zoology, University of British Columbia
  • Chris Barrington[Leigh, Assistant Professor, McGill University
  • Chris Darimont, Assistant Professor, University of Victoria
  • Christina Roberts, Retired Instructor & Associate Prof., University of Toronto, Harvard University, University of Calgary
  • Dana Lepofsky, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Daniel Rainham, Associate Professor, Environmental Science, Dalhousie University
  • Danny Harvey, Professor, Dept. of Geography, University of Toronto
  • Darren Irwin, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia
  • David R. Boyd, Adjunct Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Dawn Hemingway, Associate Professor, University of Northern BC
  • Dayna Nadine Scott, Associate Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School and the Faculty of Environmental
  • Studies, York University
  • Deb Niemeier, Professor, University of California
  • Dennis Murray, Canada Research Chair, Trent University
  • Diana Allen, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Diane Srivastava, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Dolph Schluter, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Donald Spady, Adjunct Professor Pediatrics & Public Health, University of Alberta
  • Doug Prest, Professional Engineer, Professional Engineers Ontario
  • Edd Hammill, Lecturer, University of Technology, Sydney
  • Elena Lazos, Professor in Socio[environmental Studies, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico
  • Erica Frank, Professor and Canada Research Chair, University of British Columbia
  • Fred Bunnell, Emeritus Professor, University of British Columbia
  • George McKibbon, Adjunct Professor, University of Guelph
  • Gerardo Ceballos, Professor, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Ecologia
  • Gordon Laxer, Professor Emeritus, University of Alberta
  • Gunnar Schade, Associate Professor, Texas A&M University
  • Hannah Wittman, Assoc Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Heike Lotze, Associate Professor, Dalhousie University
  • Isabelle Cote, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • J Thomas Beatty, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • James D Johnson, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia
  • James Grant, Professor, Biology, Concordia University
  • James K. Rowe, Assistant Professor, University of Victoria
  • James S Clark, Nicholas Professor of Global Environmental Change, Duke University
  • John D. McPhail, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia
  • John R. Post, Professor, University of Calgary
  • John Reynolds, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • John Robinson, Associate Provost, Sustainability, University of British Columbia, Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability, Dept. of Geography
  • John Smol, Professor and Canada Research Chair in Environmental Change, Queen’s University
  • John Volpe, Associate Professor, University of Victoria
  • Jonathan Moore, Assistant Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Jonathan Witt, Associate Professor, Dept. of Biology, University of Waterloo
  • Jonn Axsen, Assistant Professor, Simon Fraser University, School of Resource and Environmental Management
  • Jordi Honey [Roses, Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Jana Vamosi, Associate Professor, University of Calgary
  • Jane Watson, University [College Professor, Vancouver Island University
  • Jedediah Brodie, Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Jessica Dempsey, Assistant Professor, University of Victoria
  • Jessica Forrest, Assistant Professor, University of Ottawa
  • JR Welch, Associate Professor and Canada Research Chair (Tier 2), Simon Fraser University, Archaeology, School of Resource & Environmental Mgmt.
  • Judith Myers, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia
  • Julia K. Baum, Assistant Professor, University of Victoria
  • Katherine Acheson, Associate Professor, University of Waterloo
  • Katherine L. Parker, Professor, University of Northern British Columbia
  • Kathleen MacLeod, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Ken Hall, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia
  • Kenneth Denman, Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria
  • Kitty Corbett, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Laura Wegener Parfrey, Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia
  • 100Laurie Chan, Director and Canada Research Chair in Toxicology and Environmental Health, University of Ottawa, Center for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics
  • Lawrence Dill, Professor Emeritus, Simon Fraser University
  • Lenore Fahrig, Professor, Carleton University
  • Locke Rowe, Professor, University of Toronto
  • Louis Bernatchez, Professor, Universite Laval
  • Lyn Baldwin, Associate Professor, Thompson Rivers University
  • Lynne Quarmby, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Margo Tamez, Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Margot Parkes, Associate Professor, University of Northern British Columbia
  • Mark S. Boyce, Professor of Ecology & Alberta Conservation Association Chair in Fisheries & Wildlife, University of Alberta
  • Mark Poesch, Assistant Professor, University of Alberta
  • Martha Stark, Adjunct Professor, University of Northern British Columbia
  • Martin Bunch, Professor, York University
  • Martin Krkosek, Assistant Professor, University of Toronto
  • Maxwell A. Cameron, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Meinhard Doelle, Professor, Dalhousie University
  • Michael Brauer, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Michael E. Mann, Distinguished Professor and Director of Earth System Science Center, Penn State University
  • Michael Gillingham, Professor, University of Northern British Columbia
  • Michael Russello, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Milind Kandlikar, Professor, University of British Columbia, Institute for Resources Environment and Sustainability
  • Nancy Turner, Distinguished professor, University of Victoria
  • Natalie Ban, Assistant professor, University of Victoria
  • Nick Dulvy, Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Paul Bentzen, Professor, Dalhousie University
  • Paul R. Ehrlich, Bing Professor of Population Studies, Biology Dept., Stanford University
  • Peter Arcese, Professor, FRBC Chair, University of British Columbia
  • Philip H. Austin, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Philippe Henry, Assistant professor, University of Northern British Columbia
  • Philippe Le Billon, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Robert B. Gibson, Professor, Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo
  • Robert DeWreede, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia
  • Robert Howarth, David R. Atkinson Professor of Ecology & Environmental Biology, Cornell University
  • Roberta Fulthorpe, Professor and Graduate Chair, University of Toronto Scarborough
  • Robin Naidoo, Adjunct Professor, IRES, University of British Columbia
  • Robyn Burnham, Associate Professor, University of Michigan
  • Ronald Gibson, Associate Clinical Professor, University of British Columbia
  • Scott A Mandia, Asst. Chair/Professor Physical Sciences, Suffolk County Community College
  • Scott Findlay, Associate Professor, University of Ottawa
  • Sean Cox, Associate Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Stephen, Associate Professor, University of Northern British Columbia
  • Stephen Rader, Professor of Chemistry, University of Northern British Columbia
  • Steve Easterbrook, Professor of Computer Science, University of Toronto
  • Steven Vamosi, Associate Professor, University of Calgary
  • Stuart Murray, Canada Research Chair, Carleton University
  • T. E. Reimchen, Adjunct Professor, University of Victoria
  • Tara Ivanochko, Director, Environmental Science, University of British Columbia
  • Thomas D Sisk, Professor, Northern Arizona University
  • Thomas F. Pedersen, Executive Director, University of Victoria, Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions 
  • Tim Storr, Assistant Professor, Simon Fraser University
  • Timothy McDaniels, Professor, University of British Columbia, Institute for Resources, Environment and
  • Sustainability, School of Community and Regional Planning 
  • Tony Pitcher, Professor of Fisheries, University of British Columbia
  • Trevor Hancock, Professor and Senior Scholar, University of Victoria, School of Public Health and Social
  • Policy
  • Villy Christensen, Professor, University of British Columbia
  • William E. Neill, Professor Emeritus Zoology, University of British Columbia
  • William Ramey, Professor of Teaching, University of British Columbia
  • William Rees, Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia 
  • Zoe Meletis, Associate Professor, University of Northern British Columbia
  • Alan Sinclair, Fisheries Scientist, Fisheries and Oceans Canada Retired
  • Alec Blair, Ph.D.  Candidate, McGill University
  • Alejandra Echeverri, M.Sc. Candidate, University of British Columbia, Institute for Resources,
  • Environment and Sustainability
  • Alexandra Muhametsafina, Graduate Student, Wilfrid Laurier University
  • Alina Fisher, Research Manager, University of Victoria
  • Alisha Hackinen, M.Sc. Candidate in Soil Science, University of British Columbia
  • Allison Thompson, Master’s Student, University of British Columbia
  • Alys Granados, Ph.D. Candidate, University of British Columbia
  • Alysson Vrielink, Electrical Engineer Ph.D. Student, Stanford University
  • Amanda Mathys, Ph.D. Student, University of British Columbia
  • Andrew Huang, M.Sc. Student, University of British Columbia
  • Anna Shoemaker, Ph.D., Uppsala University
  • Anne Dalziel, Ph.D., Universite Laval
  • Antony Porcino, Project Director (CAMEO/Research), University of British Columbia
  • Aylin Ulman, Researcher, M.Sc. Student Aylin Ulman, Researcher, M.Sc.  Student, Sea Around Us, University of British Columbia
  • Bernardo Ranieri, Conservation Biologist. Ph.D. Student, University of British Columbia, Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability
  • Brett Favaro, Research Scientist, Memorial University
  • Brett Howard, PhD student, Simon Fraser University
  • Brianna Wright, M.Sc. Student, University of British Columbia
  • Brock Ramshaw, M.Sc., University of British Columbia
  • Bruna Amaral, M.Sc. Student, University of Queensland
  • Cameron Egan, Ph.D. Candidate, University of British Columbia
  • Cameron Webster, Research Assistant, University of British Columbia 
  • Carling Gerlinsky, Research Assistant, University of British Columbia, Fisheries Centre
  • Cathryn Murray, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of British Columbia
  • Charlotte Whitney, Ph.D. Student, University of Victoria
  • Chico Birrell, M.Sc., University of Queensland
  • Chris Aikman, Associate Research Officer, Retired NRC scientist
  • Chris Joseph, Researcher, Sustainable Planning Research Group, Simon Fraser University
  • Christian Beaudrie, Ph.D. Candidate, University of British Columbia
  • Christopher Raymond, Senior Research Fellow, Barbara Hardy Institute, University of South Australia
  • Cintia Camila Silva Angelieri, Ph.D. Student, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • Crispin Jordan, Ph.D., University of Edinburgh
  • Dalal Al[Abdulrazzak, Ph.D. Candidate, University of British Columbia
  • Danica Patton, Ph.D., Stanford University
  • David Ng, Director, AMBL, Michael Smith Laboratories, University of British Columbia
  • David Roberts, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Alberta
  • David W Mayhood, President, Lead Consultant, FWR Freshwater Research Limited
  • Deb Chen, Ph.D. Candidate, University of British Columbia
  • Dominique Roche, Ph.D., Australian National University
  • Eduardo Martins, Ph.D., University of British Columbia
  • Elaine Hsiao, Ph.D. Student, Liu Scholar, University of British Columbia
  • Elizabeth Kleynhans, Ph.D. Candidate, University of British Columbia
  • Elizabeth Law, Ph.D. Student, University of Queensland
  • Elizabeth Pendray, Research Assistant, Simon Fraser University
  • Elysabeth Theberge, M.Sc. candidate, University of Ottawa
  • Emily Anderson, Ph.D. Candidate, University of British Columbia
  • Emily Brault, Graduate Student, University of California Santa Cruz
  • Emily Darling, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of North Carolina
  • Emily Rubidge, Visiting Scientist, University of Victoria
  • Eric Treml, Research Fellow, University of Melbourne
  • Erin Crockett, M.Sc. Student, University of Oxford
  • Eva Stredulinsky, M.Sc. candidate, University of Victoria
  • Evan Morien, Computational Biologist, University of British Columbia
  • Gilles Wendling, President, Ph.D,  P.Eng, GW Solutions
  • Gwylim Blackburn, Ph.D., University of British Columbia
  • Harald Yurk, Research Associate, Behavioral Ecologist in Bioacoustics, Vancouver Aquarium
  • Helen King, Ph.D., Cranfield University
  • Ian Colquhoun, Chair, M.Sc. Environment and Sustainability, Western University
  • J Shiller, M.Sc. student, University of British Columbia
  • Jamie Leathem, M.Sc., University of British Columbia 
  • Jean[Sebastien Moore, Ph.D., Universite Laval
  • Jeffrey C. Ho, Ph.D. Student, Stanford University
  • Jeffrey Charters, M.Sc., Technician, University of Guelph
  • Jenn Burt, Ph.D. Student, Simon Fraser University
  • Jennifer N Harding, Ph.D. Candidate, Simon Fraser University
  • Jenny L. McCune, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Guelph
  • Jessica Reeves, Ph.D., Faculty Member, Quest University, Canada
  • Jessica Schultz, M.Sc. Student, Simon Fraser University
  • Jessica Walsh, Ph.D. Student Conservation Ecology, University of Cambridge
  • Joan Kleypas, Scientist, National Center for Atmospheric Research
  • Jocelyn Nelson, M.Sc., University of British Columbia
  • Jody Reimer, M.Sc., University of Alberta
  • Joshua Silberg, MRM Candidate, Simon Fraser University
  • Julia Gustavsen, Ph.D. Student, Biological Oceanography, University of British Columbia
  • Karen Cooke, M.A., Research manager, University of British Columbia School of Nursing
  • Karen Golinski, Honourary Research Associate, University of British Columbia
  • Kate Kirby, Ph.D., University of Toronto
  • Katie Gale, M.Sc., Memorial University of Newfoundland
  • Kiely McFarlane, Graduate Student, University of British Columbia
  • Laura Benestan, Ph.D. Student, Universite Laval
  • Laura Fedoruk, M.Sc., University of British Columbia
  • Leah Honka, M.Sc. Student, Simon Fraser University
  • Linda Jennings, Assistant Curator, Beaty Biodiversity Museum
  • Lindsay Der, Ph.D. Candidate, Stanford University
  • Lisa McDonnell, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of British Columbia, Faculty of Science
  • Lisa Westerhoff, Ph.D. candidate, University of British Columbia
  • Louise Chavarie, Ph.D. Student, University of Alberta
  • Lucy Rodina, Ph.D. Student, University of British Columbia, Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability
  • Luke A. Rogers, M.Sc. Student, University of Toronto
  • Maayan Kreitzman, Ph.D. Student, University of British Columbia, Institute for Resources Environment and Sustainability
  • Marieke Beaulieu, M.Sc., Universite de Sherbrooke
  • Marina Winterbottom, M.Sc. Dalhousie University
  • Marisa Brook, Ph.D. Student, University of Toronto
  • Mary Hufford, Senior Research Scientist, Virginia Tech
  • Matt Dolf, Graduate Student, University of British Columbia
  • Matthew Ladd, Ph.D. Candidate, University of Ottawa
  • Matthew Mitchell, Ph.D., McGill University & University of Queensland
  • Matthew Taccogna, MA student, University of British Columbia
  • Matthew Wagstaff, Research Assistant, University of British Columbia
  • Maxwell Sykes, M.Sc. Student Resource Management, Simon Fraser University, Energy and Materials Research Group   
  • Meaghan Labine, Ph.D., University of Manitoba
  • Megan Osmond[Jones, Research Assistant, Thompson Rivers University
  • Michelle Nelson, Ph.D. Candidate, Simon Fraser University
  • Nathan Toh, Research Assistant, University of British Columbia
  • Nicole Shumway, Research Ecologist, University of Queensland
  • Nigel Haggan, Ph.D., University of British Columbia
  • Olivia Festy, Ph.D., Queen Mary University
  • Paige Olmsted, Ph.D. Student, University of British Columbia
  • Pamela Zevit, Registered Professional. Biologist, Principal Adamah Consultants
  • Pascale Gibeau, Ph.D. Student and Biologist, Simon Fraser University
  • Paul Beckwith, Part[time Professor/Full[time Ph.D. Student, University of Ottawa
  • Rebecca G. Martone, Program Lead, Stanford University, Center for Ocean Solutions
  • Rebecca Seifert, Master’s Student, Simon Fraser University
  • Rebecca Witter, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of British Columbia
  • Rebekah Jones, Coastal Resources Scientist, Louisiana State University
  • Regina Bestbier, M.Sc., University of British Columbia  
  • Rene Beyers, Research Associate, University of British Columbia
  • Richard Schuster, Ph.D. Candidate, University of British Columbia
  • Sameer Shah, Graduate Student, University of British Columbia
  • Sandra Binning, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Neuchatel  
  • Sara Harris, Senior Instructor, University of British Columbia
  • Sarah Klain, Ph.D. Student, University of British Columbia
  • Sarah MacInnes, Postdoctoral Fellow, Stanford University
  • Sean Godwin, M.Sc.  Student, Simon Fraser University
  • Sean Naman, Ph.D. Student, Dept. of Zoology, University of British Columbia
  • Sebastian Pardo, Ph.D. Student, Simon Fraser University
  • Sebastian Scheer, Ph.D., University of British Columbia
  • Sebastien Renaut, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of British Columbia
  • Silja Hund, Ph.D. Student, University of British Columbia
  • Siobhan Chandler, Ph.D., University of Waterloo
  • Sonja Wilson, M.Sc., P. Eng., University of British Columbia  
  • Stephanie Grand, Research Associate, University of British Columbia
  • Susan Shirley, Research Associate, Oregon State University
  • Susanne C. Moser, Director, Susanne Moser Research & Consulting
  • Tara Martin, Ph.D., University of British Columbia
  • Tara McBryan, M.Sc. Student, University of British Columbia
  • Tara Moran, Research Associate, Stanford University
  • Terry Hughes, Retired NRC Senior Research Officer
  • Tim Vines, Ph.D., University of British Columbia
  • Toby Spribille, Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Montana
  • Victoria Francis, MA Student, Memorial University
  • Wendy Watkins, Data Librarian, Carleton University
  • William Atlas, M.Sc., Simon Fraser University
  • William Harrower, Ph.D. Candidate, University of British Columbia, Dept. of Botany
  • Zheng (Jackie) Yip, Ph.D. Student, University of British Columbia 

 


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